Congress is the supreme organ of PAIGC. Its decisions are valid and binding on the whole Party and cannot be modified, replaced or annulled except by Congress itself.
Since the foundation of PAIGC in 1956, 6 Ordinary and 4 Extraordinary Congresses have been held.
First Congress – Held in Cassaca, February 13-17, 1964, in the early days of the national liberation struggle. The event was initially convened as a Conference of Cadres, but given the importance of the decisions made there, it became a Congress, being the first of PAIGC.
2nd Congress – Held in Fulamore – Madina de Boé Oriental, from 18 to 22 July 1973, still in the throes of weapons during the national liberation struggle. It was the first Congress held after the death of Amilcar Cabral. In this Congress Aristides Pereira was elected like new Secretary General of the Party.
III Congress – Held in Bissau, November 15-20, 1977. It was the first Congress held after the independence of Guinea and Cape Verde, under the motto: Independence Congress for Unity and Development.
IV Congress – Held in Bissau from 9 to 14 October 1986, the first ordinary after the 1980 coup d’état, and PAIGC as National Party in Guinea-Bissau.
V Congress – Held in Bissalanca – Bissau, December 15-20, 1991. Congress in which it was decided to open to the pluralistic and multi-party political system in Guinea-Bissau.
6th Congress – Held in Bissalanca – Bissau, May 1998. Congress was held after the opening of Guinea-Bissau to a pluralistic democratic system. The motto of the Congress was as follows: National Unity, Democracy and Development.
First Congress – Held in Bissau, November 8-14, 1981, a year after the 1980 coup d’état and the split of the Cape Verdean wing of the Party. From this Congress, the PAIGC went from the binational party to the Guinea-Bissau national party. He was elected João Bernardo Vieira as Secretary General of the Party.
2nd Congress – Held in Bissalanca – Bissau, January 20-25, 1991. Congress in which it was decided to delete Article V of the Constitution of the Republic, which considered PAIGC to be Guinea-Bissau’s only political formation.
3rd Congress – Held in Bissau from 2 to 6 September 1999, shortly after the civil war that began on 7 June 1998 and ended on 7 May 1999. He was elected Francisco Benante as Party President.
IV Congress – Held in Bissau, from January 30 to February 9, 2002, under the motto: PAIGC Reconciliation and Restructuring Unit. He was elected Carlos Gomes Junior as President of the Party.